Greece is a country in Southeast Europe. Athens is the nation's capital and largest city. Greece is strategically located at the crossroads of Europe, Western Asia, and Africa and shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north and Turkey to the northeast. Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin and the 19th longest coastline in the world, surrounded by the seven seas.
Total area of Greece is 132 thousand square meters, of which approximately one-fifth consists of islands (around 1,400 islands, 227 of which are inhabited). Eighty percent of Greece consists of mountains, of which Mount Olympus is the highest, at 2,917 m. There is no other country which has such extended coastline of 4000 km.
The national currency of Greece from 2002 is euro, which released the ancient drachma.
The capital of Greece is Athens. Greece is divided into 13 administrative districts, very much along the same lines since antiquity, subdivided into a total of 325 municipalities. The provinces of Macedonia and Thrace lie along the northern coast of the Aegean Sea; to the west lies Epirus, which forms the northern boundary with Albania; east of Epirus and south of Macedonia is Thessaly; the southern half of Greece consists of the provinces of Central Greece and Euboea and the Peloponnese. The islands of Greece are divided into the Aegean Islands, including the Sporades, the Cyclades, and the Dodecanese; the island of Crete; and the Ionian Islands off the west coast. In the structure of the Hellenic Republic is an autonomous monastic republic of Athos, which is located on one of the part of peninsula Halkidiki – Agios Oros.
The Greek landscape is conspicuous not only for its beauty but also for its complexity and variety, where three elements dominate: the sea, mountainousness and the lowland with rivers and coastal plains, interior valleys and basins.
The population of Greece was calculated as 10,815,197 in the 2011 census, of which 94% are Greeks.
Life expectancy - men 77 years, women - 82 year.
The Greek Constitution recognizes the Orthodox Christian faith as the "prevailing" faith of the country, while guaranteeing freedom of religious belief for all. According to the U.S. State Department, an estimated 97% of Greek citizens identify themselves as Orthodox Christians, belonging to the Greek Orthodox Church. According to other sources, 15.8% of Greeks describe themselves as "very religious", which is the highest among all European countries. According to the constitution of Greece the church is not separated from the state, but is a speculate state. Muslims constitute 1.3% of the population, other religions - 0.7%.
The climate of Greece is typically Mediterranean, i.e. mostly dry and temperate, with hot, dry summers and with lower winter temperatures. Summer temperatures average around 32° C with 55% humidity, and winter temperatures rarely drop below 10° C with 75% humidity. Beach season in Greece begins from the middle of May and ends in a very late October.
The hot climate, especially in the summer season, brings in the Greek habits and traditions the "siesta time”. The Greek people don't live by the clock. The Greeks also have a different opinion about when it's morning, afternoon and evening. You say Good Morning until 12. If you have agreed to meet in the 'afternoon', the earliest meant by this will be 6.00 p.m.! In Greece, the evening meal begins no earlier than 9.00 p.m. Also no one will think anything of it if you telephone at 10.00 p.m. in the evening. However, 'siesta' time, between 3.00 p.m. and 5 p.m. is held as sacred. During the siesta, though, it is very unpopular to disturb someone or to arrange a meeting.
Greeks are very emotional people, but at the same time their way of life is calm. Greeks are not in a hurry, they tend to contemplative and philosophical attitude to life. They love to enjoy a cup of coffee in the café shop for a long talk. Greeks are very similar to Russians; they are warm, friendly, hospitable, and cheerful. People just live, work, learn, enjoy and love.
Nightlife in Greece begins at midnight and continues till the morning. Night clubs, casinos, discos, bouzouki invite visitors to relax and enjoy the Greece by night.
Once a week, a cozy street in the neighborhood can become a noisy and colorful bazaar of fruits and vegetables, which is working under the open sky from the morning until lunch, and the prices are always lower than in the store.
Finally we would like to prevent you about the crime in Greece that is mostly in absence. Here is possible to leave your care open or to forget staff somewhere after to return in few days and find them. Over time you get used to.